The Stock Exchange of Antwerp by architect Schadde
Handelsbeurs Antwerpen door architect Schadde - titel

Stocj Exchange Antwerp

Joseph Schadde

Antwerp, Twaalfmaandenstraat

1872

Handelsbeurs Antwerpen door architect Schadde - opbouw gevel binnenplaats

Stock Exchange Antwerp

After years of waiting, the time has finally come: the Antwerp Stock Exchange can be visited freely. This summer there is a pop-up terrace in the covered courtyard and an exhibition on the first floor. Finally, because it has been two years since I visited the fair under renovation during an Openwervendag. In this blog post I want to talk about the architect responsible for the current view: Joseph Schadde.

Handelsbeurs Antwerpen door architect Schadde - borstbeeld van Joseph Schadde

Joseph Schadde

Joseph Schadde was born on August 3, 1818 and was supposed to follow his father’s footsteps. Pierre Schadde was a carpenter, so son Joseph was enrolled at the Antwerp Academy as a student furniture maker at the age of 13. After two years he switched and started taking classes in architecture. He remained a student there for 8 years, but never actually left. For 38 years he was a teacher at the Academy.

Handelsbeurs Antwerpen door architect Schadde - detail verdieping

Monument

Schadde was also interested in monuments and archeology. For more than 25 years he was affiliated with the Académie Royale d’Archéologie de Belgique, a scientific institution on archeology and history. He traveled to France several times and was also well aware of the French way of conservation (with Viollet-le-Duc as the main author).

In contrast to Viollet-Le-Duc, he thought that architects had no right to change the architectural style. The architect was also not allowed to make personal interpretations, as was often done in French examples. In Antwerp, Schadde was connected with the restorations of the facade of the Saint Charles Borromeo Church and the Stone Castle.
Handelsbeurs Antwerpen door architect Schadde - ingang Twaalfmaandenstraat

Stock Exchange

The most important order that Schadde received in Antwerp was the reconstruction of the Stock Exchange. It burnt down in 1858. This also destroyed the revolutionary iron span of the 1852 courtyard, the vaults of the colonnades and much of the entrance at the Twaalfmaandenstraat.

Two competitions were organized for the reconstruction, the first in 1858, the second two years later. The latter criticized Schadde’s design, he modified his designs and finally a decision was made in 1868. On August 24, 1869, the first stone was laid. The fair was finished on 19 otkober 1872, which is also noted above the entrance at the Twaalfmaandenstraat.

Handelsbeurs Antwerpen door architect Schadde - detail plafond galerij

Materials

Fire safety was considered very important. Schadde stated that there is no wooden beam in the entire building. In addition to the facades and roof construction, architect Schadde also designed the joinery, gas lighting and doors. The tower of the entrance on the Borzestraat is the only monumental remnant of the fair, it has been heavily restored in the nineteenth century.

The biggest adaptation to the original plan is the double gallery. The single gallery, which had been there since the sixteenth century, was doubled (in width). This significantly reduced the courtyard. The upstairs gallery is a newly constructed section, copied to the ground floor.

Handelsbeurs Antwerpen door architect Schadde - doorkijk naar binnenplaats

Neo-gotic

Architect Joseph Schadde not only worked in a neo-gothic style, but also in the neo-renaissance. His last realized design was the Tolhuis. Schadde died on December 3, 1894, the Tolhuis was finished in 1899. His student Eugène Geefs followed up the project.

Handelsbeurs Antwerpen door architect Schadde - wereldkaarten met Antwerpen als centrum

Stock Exchange by architect Schadde

 

Joseph Schadde

Antwerp, Twaalfmaandenstraat

1872

This article first appeared on my other site about architecture in and around Antwerp: archiplore.

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